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A musculoskeletal disorder causing chronic pain, fibromyalgia can affect every part of daily life. In addition to impacting waking hours, fibromyalgia can make achieving deep, quality sleep a constant struggle. Intense aches and pain may plague patients during the night, disrupting REM sleep and leading to exhaustion. Fibromyalgia can also cause sensitivity to heat and cold, resulting in overheating during the night. The condition is associated with sleep disorders like insomnia, sleep apnea, and restless leg syndrome.
There is no cure for fibromyalgia, but restful sleep is one of the self-practices recommended to ease the negative impacts of the disorder. For fibromyalgia patients, the right mattress can be critical to reducing pain and pressure during the night and promoting healthy sleep.
Read on for help with choosing the best mattress for fibromyalgia, including 2018 recommendations and guidance on what to look for in a bed.
Best Mattresses for Fibromyalgia
Editor’s Choice – Layla Mattress
Best Value – Leesa Mattress
Best Hybrid – New Purple Mattress
Best Foam – Level Sleep TriSupport Mattress
Best Latex – Zenhaven Mattress
Best Innerspring – Saatva Mattress
Engineered from foam infused with copper, the Layla is able to deliver unique benefits to those suffering from fibromyalgia. The all-foam, flippable bed is dual-sided, with a Medium Soft (4) level of firmness on one end and a Firm (7) on the other. Both sides feature a comfort layer made from a copper-infused memory foam, and the Medium Soft includes an extra layer of convoluted foam for added pressure relief. The bed features a durable support core of dense polyfoam and a cooling, thermogel cover.
The memory foam comfort layers in the Layla deliver superior contouring and pressure relief, helping ease pressure and pain on sensitive areas of the body. The memory foam is infused with copper, a unique element that help regulates temperature, and is believed to promote healthy blood circulation, reduce inflammation, and improve collagen production.
As an all-foam bed, the Layla isolates motion and produces no noise, helping to prevent sleep disruptions among sensitive fibromyalgia patients. The bed is also crafted from durable and supportive materials, preventing sagging and helping to align the spine. Finally, the Layla offers two firmness levels in one bed, which allows the sleeper to choose the side that is most comfortable for their individual body weight, sleep position, and preferences.
Compared to competitor beds of a similar caliber, the Layla’s price is below average. The company offers free shipping throughout the contiguous U.S.
A pioneer in the bed-in-a-box movement, Leesa was among the first companies to offer direct-to-consumer pricing with free shipping, free returns, and lengthy at-home trials. The bed is constructed from three layers of performance foam: a proprietary cooling Avena foam, memory foam, and a high-density polyfoam. The bed is covered in a polyester-lycra blend and comes in only one firmness level: Medium (5).
The middle layer of memory foam provides contouring, helping to ease pressure and pain on sensitive areas of the body. Meanwhile, the upper layer of Avena foam gives the bed a bit of a bounce, letting the sleeper shift to a more comfortable position during the night without exerting excessive effort. The same layer of Avena is engineered to allow airflow with aeration holes and an egg-crate pattern, helping to regulate temperature.
The firmer Avena and conforming memory foam layers work together to provide lasting support. The Leesa offers good motion isolation and makes no noise.
The Leesa has a relatively low price point compared to many of its competitors. The company offers free shipping anywhere in the U.S. and Canada.
Purple sets itself from other brands with its proprietary “Smart Comfort Grid”, a top layer of hyper-elastic polymer arranged in a grid pattern. Unlike the foam base of the original Purple bed, the New Purple includes a support core of individually pocketed coils. The New Purple mattress is covered with a blend of polyester and spandex.
The Purple’s Smart Comfort Grid makes it exceptionally suited for sleepers with fibromyalgia. The unique material is laid out in a honeycomb pattern and buckles under pressure, providing relief to sensitive areas and support where it is needed. The highly responsive material allows freedom of movement while still managing to isolate motion effectivley. The grid-like structure of the top layer and pocketed coil support core both contribute to temperature regulation.
The New Purple is one of the more expensive direct-to-consumer models. Purple provides free white glove delivery with mattress removal to destinations throughout the contiguous U.S.
The Level Sleep TriSupport Mattress is our Best Foam Mattress pick because of its zoned design that offers targeted support and pain relief. The head of the bed is ‘Soft’ to provide ample cushioning for the head, neck, and shoulders; the middle is ‘Firm’ for proper back and spinal support; and the foot is ‘Medium’ to cradle and conform to the hips without sinking too deeply. This balanced configuration is perfect for sleepers with fibromyalgia and other conditions with painful symptoms.
The mattress features a 3″ polyfoam comfort layer that absorbs and isolates motion transfer very well. The bed is also virtually silent when bearing weight. These two factors make the TriSupport Mattress a great option for couples, particularly if one or both of the sleepers awakens easily due to noise or movement. A high-density polyfoam base layer reinforces the bed to help maintain an even, comfortable surface for sleeping.
Level Sleep will ship the mattress free of charge anywhere in the contiguous U.S. The TriSupport Mattress is backed by a 365-night sleep trial, one of the longest trials offered anywhere, as well as a nonprorated lifetime warranty.
The Zenhaven by Saatva is made from five layers of American Talalay latex and is dual-sided: one side is a Luxury Plush (4) and the other a Gentle Firm (7). The mattress is wrapped in an organic cotton cover over a layer of latex wool.
The Zenhaven makes our pick for “Best Latex” for fibromyalgia patients because it offers above-average pressure relief compared to most latex beds. Engineered with pinholes that vary in size and placement, the Zenhaven provides zoned support and pressure relief for different parts of the body. Shoppers with fibromyalgia may want to sleep on the the softer, Luxury Plush side, which offers extra pressure relief.
Made from naturally breathable latex, the Zenhaven is able to help keep the sleeper’s temperature neutral at night. The mattress offers adequate motion isolation and is virtually silent. Like the Loom & Leaf, the Zenhaven’s sustainable, natural construction promises good durability.
Like its previous two Saatva models, the original Saatva mattress is built from eco-friendly, bio-based materials. The Saatva is a hybrid of innerspring and foam topped with a European-style pillowtop. Beneath the pillow-top is a layer of foam above a unique, coil-on-coil system. The coil-on-coil construction is comprised of a top layer of individually pocketed springs and a bottom layer of hourglass tempered steel springs. The Saatva includes a foam edge support encasement and organic cotton cover.
The upper layers of the Saatva deliver pressure relief and contouring, while the coil-on-coil system below provides support. However, the bed’s upper layers of memory foam can trap heat, causing some users to overheat at night. Because of the Saatva’s innerspring system, the bed also is somewhat less successful at isolating movement or minimizing noise.
The musculoskeletal condition known as ‘fibromyalgia’ is one of the most common chronic pain disorders in the country. Current research suggests that fibromyalgia affects the way the brain processes painful sensations, causing people with the disorder to feel pain more intensely than others. In addition to musculoskeletal aches and pains, those with fibromyalgia may also experience fatigue, sleep problems, cognitive difficulties, and mood swings. According to the latest estimates, roughly 5 million Americans are currently living with fibromyalgia; the disorder is much more common in women than in men.
Mattress selection is important for people with fibromyalgia. The right mattress can ease some of the chronic pain and pressure these individuals experience in sensitive areas of the body, allowing them to sleep better and feel well-rested in the morning. On the other hand, choosing the wrong mattress can exacerbate the symptoms of fibromyalgia.
This page will look at some important mattress considerations for people with fibromyalgia, as well as our picks for the best mattress brands and models. First, let’s discuss the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for fibromyalgia.
Although fibromyalgia has been documented for centuries, the disorder was not officially studied until the early 1980s. It is commonly misdiagnosed to this day.
Recent studies suggest that the routine nerve stimulation associated with fibromyalgia can increase the number of neurotransmitters in the patient’s brain that signal painful sensations. These neurotransmitters can develop pain memories over time, causing them to exaggerate how painful a sensation actually is. As a result, the condition can alter the way a patient’s brain functions.
It’s also important to note that some people develop fibromyalgia over the course of their lives with no significant triggering event.
The diagnostic process for fibromyalgia has evolved in recent years. Physicians previous relied on a comprehensive evaluation known as a ‘tender point exam,’ during which 18 different parts of the body were pressed firmly to check for pain.
Today’s physicians diagnose fibromyalgia if the patient has experienced widespread pain for at least three months. There is no official lab test for fibromyalgia, but doctors typically conduct other blood tests to confirm that patients are not experiencing other conditions. In addition to a complete blood count, these may include tests for erythrocyte sedimentation rate, rheumatoid factor, and thyroid function.
There is also no cure for fibromyalgia. Instead, physicians will typically prescribe medications and/or self-care routines to help patients curb the painful symptoms. Medications that can aid people with fibromyalgia include:
Self-care practices that can be used to address fibromyalgia and reduce pain symptoms include:
In addition to medications and self-care regimens, fibromyalgia patients may benefit from the following types of standard and alternative therapy:
Fibromyalgia can affect sleep in several ways. Because the condition is associated with widespread pain, patients frequently wake up during the night. This can lead to fatigue and nonrestorative sleep, which leaves people feeling poorly rested the next day. Researchers have noted that, while the average adult experiences roughly five hours of deep sleep per night, fibromyalgia patients do not generally experience any deep sleep for a significant period of time.
Additionally, fibromyalgia can cause sensitivity to hot and/or cold surfaces, which may lead to sleeping hot or cold. Fibromyalgia can also trigger noise sensitivity. People with the condition may wake up more easily during the night whenever people move or adjust positions in bed, or if the mattress contains parts that produce squeaking or squishing sounds.
Fibromyalgia is associated with the following sleep disorders, as well:
People with fibromyalgia may want to take the following factors into account when shopping for a new mattress and comparing different brands and models.
Conforming ability and pressure relief: Some mattresses are designed to conform closely to the sleeper’s body and alleviate pain and pressure points throughout the body. These models can be very beneficial for people with fibromyalgia that experience widespread pain.
Firmness: Every sleeper has different firmness preferences, and these often come down to two factors: body weight and sleep position. For example, individuals who weigh less than 130 pounds and prefer to sleep on their side tend to feel most comfortable, while those who weigh more than 230 pounds and sleep on their back may prefer a firmer surface. There is no wrong firmness, per se, but sleeping on a mattress that is too soft or too firm can add to the pain symptoms of fibromyalgia.
Support: In the mattress industry, ‘support’ refers to how effectively a mattress provides a flat, even sleep surface. Mattresses that are too soft or too firm may not be supportive enough for sleepers in certain weight groups. Another factor that affects support is wear and tear — namely sagging in the mattress, which can create an uneven sleep surface that causes sleepers to experience more pain and pressure. According to most mattress owners, sagging that measures one inch or deeper is much more likely to create added pain.
Durability: Durable mattresses will perform for at least six years without excessive sagging or indentations in the sleep surface. Mattresses with below-average durability may begin to deteriorate in as few as two to three years, and the saggy, uneven sleep surface can exacerbate the painful symptoms of fibromyalgia.
Noise: Noise sensitivity is a common symptom among fibromyalgia patients. Mattresses made of certain materials, such as foam or latex, produce little to no noise when bearing weight. These mattresses may be more suitable than other models, such as innersprings, hybrids, and airbeds, which are associated with above-average noise.
Motion isolation: Motion isolation refers to a bed’s ability to absorb motion when someone gets up or shifts position, and isolate this motion to one side of the mattress. Motion isolation is important to people with fibromyalgia because they often experience noise sensitivity, and may awaken easily on a bed that does not minimize motion.
Temperature neutrality: Heat and cold sensitivity is another common symptom of fibromyalgia, and people with this condition may sleep excessively hot or cold as a result. Mattresses with springs tend to have better airflow than those with solid base layers (such as foam and latex models), allowing sleepers to remain cooler throughout the night.
Sleep trial: Many mattress brands and retailers offer sleep trials that last anywhere from 60 to 365 nights in length. In most cases, customers can test out the mattress for the entire duration and return or exchange their bed if they are not satisfied by the end of the sleep trial. People with fibromyalgia can take advantage of sleep trial offers to determine if the mattress they have chosen will work in the long-term.
Warranty: Most mattress warranties include a ‘minimum sagging depth’ to determine whether or not the bed is defective. Some warranties will replace or repair mattresses that sag deeper than one inch, while others adhere to a higher benchmark. People with fibromyalgia may want to prioritize mattresses with warranties that include a minimum sagging depth of one inch or less. Otherwise they may pay a significant amount to repair or replace their mattress for excessive sagging.
Now, let’s look at the five most common mattress types in terms of their suitability for people with fibromyalgia. The comparison table below evaluates each type for support, firmness, conforming, and other performance factors that matter to fibromyalgia patients.
|Construction||Foam comfort layers
Steel coils in the support core
|Polyfoam and/or memory foam layers in the comfort layer
Polyfoam layer(s) in the support core
|Latex layer(s) in the comfort layer
Latex or polyfoam layers in the support core
|At least 2″ of memory foam or latex in the comfort layer, as well as other components (such as polyfoam or minicoils)
Pocketed coils in the support core
|Foam comfort layers or no comfort layer
Individualized adjustable air chambers in the support core
|Conforming||Poor to Fair||Good to Very Good||Fair to Good||Fair to Good||Fair to Good|
|Firmness Options||Fair to Good||Good to Very Good||Good to Very Good||Good to Very Good||Good to Very Good|
|Support||Fair to Good||Fair to Good||Good to Very Good||Good to Very Good||Good to Very Good|
|Durability||Poor to Fair||Fair to Good||Good to Very Good||Fair to Good||Poor to Fair|
|Light Sleeper Rating (Less than 130 lbs)||Fair to Good||Fair to Good||Good to Very Good||Poor to Fair||Fair to Good|
|Heavy Sleeper Rating (More than 230 lbs)||Poor to Fair||Good to Very Good||Good to Very Good||Good to Very Good||Poor to Fair|
|Noise||Poor to Fair||Good to Very Good||Good to Very Good||Fair to Good||Poor to Fair|
|Motion Isolation||Poor to Fair||Good to Very Good||Good to Very Good||Fair to Good||Fair to Good|
|Temperature Neutrality||Good to Very Good||Poor to Fair||Fair to Good||Good to Very Good||Fair to Good|
|Rating for Sleepers with Fibromyalgia||Poor to Fair||Good to Very Good||Good to Very Good||Fair to Good||Fair to Good|
|Explanation||Most start to sag within two to three years
Minimal support in the neck, waist, and hips
Little to no conforming
Limited firmness options
Typically sleeps cool
|Above-average conforming and pressure relief
Many firmness options
Good motion isolation and little to no noise
Average durability with sagging potential
Tends to sleep hot
|Exceptional support and durability with little to no sagging
Above-average motion isolation and very little noise
Sleeps fairly cool
Many firmness options
|Conform closer than innersprings, but minimal pain and pressure relief
Sleep fairly cool
Below-average motion isolation and strong noise potential
Many firmness options
|Customizable firmness settings
May not be suitable for certain weight groups
Some are excessively firm
Average temperature neutrality
High noise potential
People who experience widespread pain as a result of fibromyalgia can further optimize their sleep conditions by carefully choosing their pillows and using an effective mattress topper.
Pillow Selection: For people with fibromyalgia, the most important factor when choosing a pillow is ‘loft,’ or thickness. Using the correct loft can help alleviate pain and pressure in the neck, shoulders, and head, while the incorrect loft can make these issues worse. To determine the best pillow loft, sleepers should take their weight, sleep position, and mattress firmness into account.
Pillows that are popular among people with fibromyalgia and other chronic pain conditions include buckwheat, latex, and memory foam models. Other pillows types, such as down alternative and polyfoam, may increase the amount of pain and pressure that these individuals feel. For more information about pillow soft and selection, please check out Best Pillows: Buying Guide and Information page.
Mattress Topper Usage: The term ‘mattress topper’ refers to a cushioning layer that can be placed in top of a mattress for added softness, comfort, and support. Most toppers are designed to decrease the firmness of a sleep surface, although some toppers can increase the firmness.
A latex or memory foam topper will be most suitable for someone with fibromyalgia because these products conform closely to target pain and pressure points. Convoluted polyfoam toppers are considered the worst option, since they are associated with increased pain and pressure. To learn more, please visit our Best Mattress Toppers guide.
For more information on mattresses and bedding accessory options for people with fibromyalgia and other painful conditions that impact sleep, please visit the following Tuck pages: