This leaves five states remaining. These states have more complex laws pertaining to hemp- and marijuana-based CBD oils.
- Idaho: Marijuana-based CBD oils are illegal to use recreationally or for medical reasons. The state senate recently introduced legislation that would legalize CBD oil, but the governor struck down this motion. This leaves Idaho’s legal status of hemp-based CBD in limbo at this time.
- Kentucky: Marijuana-based CBD oil is illegal to use recreationally, but is available to medical patients participating in a clinical trial. Hemp-based CBD is legal.
- Mississippi: Marijuana-based CBD oil is illegal to use recreationally, but is legal for research purposes when used to treat epilepsy.
- Nebraska: Marijuana- and hemp-based CBD is exclusively available to medical patients participating in clinical trials.
- South Dakota: In South Dakota, CBD has been legally disassociated from other marijuana products. It is available to use recreationally and for medical purposes, provided the product meets FDA approval.
Lastly, it’s important to note that two states planned to vote on marijuana-oriented initiatives during the 2018 midterm elections. These initiatives may have a bearing on the legality and availability of CBD oils.
- Michigan: If passed, the Michigan Marijuana Legislation Initiative would legalize recreational and medical marijuana use for all adults over the age of 21. This measure was approved.
- Utah: If passed, Utah Proposition 2, Medical Marijuana Initiative would legalize the use of marijuana for individuals with qualifying medical illnesses. The initiative was approved. In December 2018, the Utah State Legislature voted to replace Proposition 2; the replacement has been sent to the Utah State Senate.
Three other states, Arizona, Missouri, and Nebraska, failed to garner enough votes to place marijuana initiatives on the 2018 ballots.
These laws are ever-changing, and the guidelines listed above should not substitute for legal advice. Before attempting to purchase marijuana- or hemp-based CBD oil, please review the laws in your state and, if still unclear, contact your attorney and/or state and legal representatives for more information.
Where Can You Buy CBD Oil?
When purchasing hemp-derived CBD oil for sleep, you may be able to find products through one or more of the following establishments:
- Manufacturers: Most brands that make CBD oil allow customers to purchase products directly from them. Their websites have online shopping areas where products can be bought and ordered.
- Online Retailers: Most CBD oils are sold through online retailers. These establishments tend to have the widest product range, and many offer free doorstep delivery. Online retailers also frequently post product reviews, allowing buyers to compare different oils based on customer experiences to determine which is best for them. These reviews can also be used to evaluate the retailer based on customer service, delivery, and product quality.
- Physical Stores: Hemp-based CBD oils are often sold over the counter at certain brick-and-mortar establishments, including health supplement stores and head shops. Physical stores give buyers the full customer experience, and service staff can often provide helpful recommendations.
- Dispensaries: In states where marijuana is legal for recreational use, dispensaries are a common sight. They are much rarer in states with more restrictions. In states that permit the use of medical marijuana, hemp-based CBD oils do not normally require a prescription but marijuana-based oils do. Like brick-and-mortar locations, dispensaries offer more customer service. However, as noted, this may not be an option depending on the buyer’s state of residence. Also, CBD oil prices tend to be significantly higher at dispensaries.
Cost is another consideration. Most CBD oils are sold in concentrations of 300 to 750 mg, although this may range from less than 100 mg to more than 2,000. A good indicator of price-point is the cost per milligram. Low-cost CBD oils usually fall between five and 10 cents per mg; mid-range prices are 11 to 15 cents per mg; and higher-end oils cost 16 cents per mg or higher. Given these varying per-milligram costs, a bottle of CBD oil may be priced anywhere from $10 or less to $150 or more.
How to Find High-Quality CBD Oil
Although price may be an indicator of CBD oil quality, we suggest researching the following factors to ensure the oil you select is considered high-quality.
- Extraction: The method by which CBD oil is processed from hemp plants can be very telling. Some manufacturers extract and process the oil using toxic materials like propane or butane; in most cases, these oils are cheaply priced. Safer extraction and processing agents include ethanol, which cleans the hemp plant of unwanted toxins; and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, which strips harmful materials from the plant by changing the carbon dioxide’s temperature and pressure settings.
- Where the Hemp is Grown: Like other crops, hemp plants may become contaminated with metals, minerals, and other materials found in the soil where they are grown. Consumers should learn more about farms where hemp plants are grown – and ensure the soils used at these establishments are free of harmful contaminants.
- Third-Party Testing: Once a CBD oil is manufactured, CBD oil companies will often submit their products for third-party tests, which are conducted by non-company personnel to ensure the product is safe for public consumption and meets quality standards.CBD oils should always be accompanied with information about third-party tests; best practice is to avoid oils that do not supply these details.
- Lab Results: These fine-print details are often included with CBD oils to back up third-party testing claims. General rule of thumb: while the results may be indecipherable to laypeople, oils that include lab results are generally better than those that do not list this information.
It’s also important to select CBD oil products based on your concentration preferences. Some forms of CBD oil – such as vapors and tinctures – normally have higher-than-average concentrations, whereas sprays and topicals tend to have lower concentrations. Remember: higher concentration means more pronounced effects, but not necessarily mean higher quality.
Common Ways to Take CBD
One of the best parts of CBD is that it can be infused into practically anything. As a result, there are a variety of ways to take it, each having their own benefits and drawbacks.
Tincture, which is the form featured in the top picks of this article, is the most common way of intaking CBD. Tincture is generally a simple formulation of CBD extract and couple other ingredients, usually hemp oil and/or coconut oil. If the tincture is flavored, there may be more ingredients added for flavor. Tincture is generally taken orally using the dropper that comes with the tincture bottle.
Tincture is a great way to get the best bang for your buck, and can be used to infuse cbd in other things such as tea or food.
Another popular way to intake CBD is through topicals on the skin. Topical CBD products include pain relief cream, moisturizer, face masks, massage oil and more. This is a popular option for those seeking relief from pain on a specific part of the body. Many cbd topicals include other ingredients relevant to their purpose. For example, CBD pain relief creams may contain other anti-inflammatory ingredients such as menthol.
Capsules and Soft Gels
Capsules and soft gels are an easy, discrete way to take CBD. These often come in gelatin capsules and encasements.
CBD can be infused within a variety of foods, the most common being gummies. This means of intake represents an enjoyable way to ingest CBD, with tons of fun and delicious products on the market. Make sure to read the nutritional labels on CBD edibles to get a full picture of what exactly you’re taking.
Vaping is another one of the most common ways to take CBD. Oftentimes, brands will sell CBD vapes along with disposable “cartridges” containing a variety of different flavors. Some manufacturers sell disposable vapes, which are thrown away after use. Due to the lack of long-term research on the potential health effects of vaping, we do not recommend this method.
Finally, CBD is sometimes ingested in the form of smoking CBD rich hemp or cannabis plant. Pure CBD hemp plant is often sold in the form of pre-rolls. Alternatively. some users smoke cannabis that’s been grown to have significant amounts of CBD, yet this method also involves the ingestion of THC, causing psychoactive effects.
Important Considerations for CBD Oil Shoppers
When buying CBD oil for the first time and comparing different products, here are a few variables to keep in mind:
What is Your CBD Oil Budget?
As noted in the previous section, CBD oil prices vary significantly by brand. The best practice for most is to determine a per-milligram budget for CBD oil, as well as a maximum price for the entire bottle. For example, you might decide that 10 cents per milligram or less is a reasonable budget; and that $45 (for a 450-mg concentration, based on the budget) is a maximum bottle price. Also, if ordering online, be sure to include potential shipping costs.
How Much Do You Weigh?
Weight plays a role in the effects of CBD oil, and bottle size should be selected based on how much you weigh. Let’s say you weigh less than 130 pounds and desire light CBD oil effects; this means that 11 mg or less will probably suffice per dose, giving roughly 40 doses from a 450-mg concentration. If you weigh more than 230 pounds and desire strong effects, then this same concentration will supply roughly 10 doses.
In Which State Do You Currently Reside?
It’s important to consider state laws when comparing different CBD oil options. Please read more about it in the section above section titled “is cbd oil legal?”.
Do You Have a Job with Drug Testing Requirements?
If the answer is yes, then full spectrum CBD oils may not be a feasible option due to their THC content; although these oils contain trace amounts of THC, this may lead to a failed drug test. Crystalline isolate oils, on the other hand, contain no THC and will not compromise drug tests in any way.
Do You Take Prescription Blood Thinners?
If yes, please be aware that CBD oil can cause a slight decrease in blood pressure, which may affect people who take blood thinners.
Does the CBD oil You’re Considering List Third-Party Testing and Lab Result Details?
Third-party testing information is vital for consumers; any CBD oils that do not supply these details should be avoided. Lab results are not as crucial, but may indicate a higher-quality product if they are included.
Do You Prefer to Buy CBD Oil in a Store or Online?
Both online and brick-and-mortar experiences carry pros and cons for CBD oil shoppers. However, it’s important to note that online sales will be the only feasible option in many states.
What Are Your Flavor Preferences?
In addition to natural, unscented CBD oils, many oils come in different flavors. This factor boils down to personal preference — although the flavor selection will be broader with some brands than others.